Glossary of Common Terms

A

AC

Alternating Current. An electrical current that changes direction with a flow of periodicity, such as changing direction 60 times per second with a 60-cycle AC system. AC is often used to represented any current or field that varies with time, compared to DC or Direct Current. When the current it smooth, it typically exhibits a sine-wave curve.

ALAN

Artificial light at night has a high colour temperature (5700K) that is predominantly blue and green frequencies and very little to no red or violet frequencies. This tells the brain it is solar noon all day and night. ALAN has flicker that induces a PVN stress response via the eye and skin detected by melanopsin/Vitamin A. Creates incorrect signalling in biomolecules like red and white blood cells to create a circadian mismatch. ALAN causes leptin resistance and depletion of melatonin and DHA. ALAN causes mitochondrial swelling and heteroplsmy because it turns off melatonin.

AMPk pathway

Pathway that activates glucose metabolism when the ETC slows. Non native EMFs activate AMPk pathway and turn off beta oxidation.

Antenna

An interface for converting electromagnetic radiation in space into electrical currents in conductors (or vice versa) for transmitting or receiving a signal. The antenna’s length (and the antennas material composition) relates to the frequency’s wavelength for conduction potential.

Antioxidant

A compound that inhibits oxidation and acts as a free radical scavenger, such as Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E and Melatonin.

Apoptosis

Controlled cell death initiated by cytochrome IV mitochondrial signals, melatonin, NO, VDR/Vitamin D3, circadian rhythms and oxygen tensions. Apoptosis is initiated by inhibition of electrons across the ETC. Used to remove cells no longer functioning well or no longer physiologically required during REM sleep without stimulating inflammation. Skin cells and gut cells are replaced regularly in good health. When melatonin, VDR/Vitamin D3 and NO is absent (lack of sunlight) apoptosis is turned off in cancer allowing cells to proliferate. When apoptosis is turned off beta oxidation and protein metabolism are also turned off (Warburg shift).

Aquaphotomics

The study of how light and water interact to create a battery and engine. Ions in water change its energy generating and storing capacity. Water is a magnetohydrodynamic plasma

Aromatic amino acids

Aromatic amino acids (AAA) are amino acids that have photon traps that absorb UV light to build proteins, lipids, hormones and neurotransmitters. They absorb and emit light signals and conduct electrons in biochemical reactions. The AAA are tryptophan, tyrosine, phenyl-alanine and histadine and absorb light to create other molecules involved in photo adaptation. AAA are structural and also catalytic proteins.

Atom

An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element. Every solid, liquid, gas and plasma is composed of neutral or ionised atoms. An ionised atom is an atom that has had some or all of its electrons removed. Every atom is composed of a nucleus and one or more electrons bound to the nucleus. The nucleus is made of one or more protons and usually the same number of neutrons. Protons and neutrons have mass (1900 times more than an electron) and electrons have essentially no mass. An isotope of an element is that same element but with additional neutrons in the nucleus. This changes the mass of that element and how it subsequently interacts with electric and magnetic fields inside the body. For example, hydrogen has 3 isotopes: hydrogen with no neutron, deuterium with one neutron and tritium has two neutrons. Deuterium and tritium are heavier than hydrogen. Atoms join together to form molecules by sharing electrons. Human physiology is controlled at the atomic level by the electromagnetic force and the nuclear force changing the quantum spin of atoms, protons and electrons.

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate is one of 3 products of the mitochondrial electron transport chain. The ATPase makes ATP using the energy in the proton electrical gradient created when mitochondrial ETC separates protons from electrons across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The ATPase can also produce ATP using only red light. ATP is an electron withdrawing molecule used to unfold protein water binding sites so water molecules can hydrate them for energy and information transfer. ATP is more conventionally known as “energy”. Fat metabolism makes the most ATP and glucose metabolism makes the least. Food consumption only accounts for one third of the ATP made each day. Sunlight creates the other two thirds from the action of sunlight on phosphorus that is a photocatalyst that charge separates protons and electrons in water to create a EZ. These additional protons and electrons are sent to the ATPase to produce ATP.

ATPase aka ATP Synthase aka Cytochrome V

The quantum red light nano rotory motor at the end of the mitochondrial ETC at Cytochrome Complex V that uses the electrochemical energy of H+ in the mitochondrial matrix, or red light to produce ATP. If the hydrogen is D+ the rotary engine is slowed or broken due to extra weight of the atom and the whole ETC is slowed reducing the amount of DDW produced at cytochrome IV. EZ water increases the rotation of the ATPase. Solar red light makes the ATPase rotate at 100% efficiency. The rate of rotation of the ATPase creates the electric and magnet fields in mitochondria that program the quantum spin of electrons and protons.

Autophagy

The normal biological process that deals with the destruction and recycling of cells to help maintain a normal homeostasis. Mytophagy is a specific version of the destruction of the mitochondria.

E

Earthing

See Grounding.

EE

Electromagnetic Energy

EHF

Extremely High Frequencies (30 Gigahertz to 300 Gigahertz [300,000,000,000 Hz])

EHS/ES

Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity/Electrosensitivity. EHS is the more modern day term for microwave illness. In many parts of the world, it is defined as an Electromagnetic Intolerance.

Electrical potential of water

Water properties vary according to its electrical potential that is generated by sunlight. Electrical potential of water changes its UV absorption spectrum, mechanical behaviour such as direction of rotation of a stream, the behaviour of solutes, the surface tension, the ability to hydrate polymers, freezing temperature. Salt increases the electrical potential of water in blood plasma.

Electron

Subatomic particle that has electric and magnetic fields and is controlled by the electromagnetic force. Electrons have a negative charge and absorb and emit energy in the form of photons which they can release at different energy levels when they are flowing along a conductor or semiconductor. The photon released can change the size and shape of things with mass or make things move depending on the frequency of light emitted. Humans obtain electrons by metabolising food and water and the earths magnetic field. Electrons are the input for the mitochondrial ETC and the photons they carry provide information about the season.

Element

99% of the mass of the human body is made from 6 elements: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus. 0.85% is potassium, sulphur, sodium, chlorine and magnesium. Trace elements include boron, chromium, cobalt, copper, fluorine, iodine, iron, manganese, molebdenum, selenium, silicon, tin, vanadium and zinc. Elements have varying numbers of electrons that are used in biochemical reactions. Elements that are metals have magnetic properties that can be affected by native and non native electromagnetic radiation.

Electrostatic

A natural phenomena arising from the forces that electric charges exert on each other.

ELFs

Extremely Low Frequencies (30 Hz to 300 Hz), but commonly this can also refer to a larger range of lower frequencies including the powergrid frequencies (SLFs).

ELF-UV

Extreme low frequency ultra violet light (200 – 400nm) is created by compression (chiral heat effect) of deuterium by electric and magnetic fields in blood and mitochondrial matrix and is a normal signal for cellular growth and metabolism that is released at night during sleep. ELF-UV released by all living cells. Can not be made without oxygen. ELF-UV is used to stimulate mitosis and signals DNA gene expression, increased glycolysis, glutamine and PPP metabolism and inhibits apoptosis and autophagy. ELF-UV release stimulates sulfation of lipids and proteins by melatonin during sleep. Can be pathologic when release is excessive as in cancer. Excessive ELF-UV light release in cells decreases EZ water and lowers energy production

EMF/EMR

The electromagnetic force is one of the 4 fundamental forces in the universe. It has universal range and power and controls charged particles in us. Sunlight radiation 250-780nm forms the geomagnetic field of the earth and these are the electromagnetic radiation that all life on earth evolved to use. Sunlight frequencies vary around the earth according to latitude, altitude and season. Blue light varies the most, daily and seasonally. IR red light is always present at 42%. Power in light waves are a function of the frequency. Living systems modify light frequencies for energy and information. Mitochondria produce ROS signalling in response to varying frequencies of sunlight. During the day the sun provides living systems with electric fields and at night it provides magnetic fields.

EM Field

Electromagnetic Field, a force field that radiates away from any moving, electrical current. It has a directionality of movement away from the electric current and contains both a magnetic field and an electric field.

EMF Meter

A device for measuring Electromagnetic Fields and Frequencies. For lower frequencies, meters are typically measured in milliGauss or microTesla for magnetic and electric fields. For higher frequencies, EMF meters are typically measured in milliWatts per Square meter (mW/m2), microWatts per Square meter (uM/m2), Volts/meter, etc.

EM Spectrum

A way of classifying electromagnetic fields on the basis of their oscillation frequency. The EM Spectrum begins at one end at 0 Hertz (no oscillation) or also known as DC (Direct Curent) and extends up to trillions of oscillations per second into visible light, all of which is roughly considered non-ionizing radiation. Past visible light into the Ultraviolet, X-rays, Gamma Rays and Cosmic Rays are considered ionizing radiation.

Enzymes

Are proteins that are catalysts of chemical reactions. They decrease the activation energy of the reaction but they are not consumed in reactions. Enzymes work by proton tunnelling and this must be the light hydrogen version not D.

Epigenetics

Specific genetic processes dealing with adaptive responses to our environments and surroundings due to modification of gene expressions, typically in contrast to alterations in the actual genetic code. Protons and electromagnetic radiation on the 5 and 6 carbon sugar backbone of DNA activate epigenetic expression of DNA resulting in phenotypic change that does not change the DNA code. This can create new proteins that are beneficial or harmful. Epigenetic changes can be transgenerational when they affect oocyte and sperm cells. Vitamin B12 is a photoreceptor essential for DNA/RNA topology that is destroyed by melanopsin/Vitamin A disfunction. Mitochondria in the eye and skin are the environmental sensors that change epigenetic gene expression

ETC

Electron transport chain are the 4 cytochrome proteins in the mitochondria that separates electrons and protons from food and water to reduce oxygen to DDW. Oxygen not reduced is converted to ROS. The only difference between a live human and a dead human is the flow of electrons across the mitochondrial ETC. The distance between the mitochondrial ETC proteins expands when the mitochondria function is slowed melatonin is absent and this decreases the efficiency of the ETC.

EZ

Exclusion Zone in reference to Exclusion Zone water, a more crystalline structure of water that forms against phospholipid bilayers and cell membranes with an H3O2 configuration instead of H2O. EZ water is made of hexagonal lattice sheets like a beehive structure. As an aromatic lattice, EZ is first built by red-light frequencies, and once formed, can trap specific frequencies of light such as UV-B.

EZ water

Exclusion zone water, a liquid crystalline structure of water that forms against phospholipid bilayers, hydrophilic proteins and cell membranes with an H3O2 configuration instead of H2O. It creates a separate layer of protons H+ and electrons that act like a quantum battery for electromagnetic fields. EZ water is made of hexagonal lattice sheets like a beehive structure. As an aromatic lattice, EZ is first built by red-light frequencies that exclude H+, and once formed, the EZ absorbs UV at 270nm. Forms in blood plasma and extracellular water in response to sunlight in the eyes and skin. Acts as a battery for energy and information transfer from the skin and eyes to cells through out the body. DDW makes a larger EZ than can be made in D2O because red light moves H+ but does not move D. EZ water is 10% more viscous than bulk water but 20 times less viscous than D20. Viscosity of water changes its sunlight absorption spectra. EZ is decreased by fluoride, bromine and D. EZ is increased by sodium especially in the CSF. Iodine augments this via Grothauss mechanism and this is important in the brain.

H

Haemoglobin

Hb is an iron (metal) porphyrin liquid crystal that is photochemically active with 250-600 nm sunlight and the 7.83Hz magnetic field of the earth. Hb is a topologic insulator and N-type semiconductor that collects light on electrons to bring these excited electrons and oxygen to mitochondria via the electromagnetic interactions of the Bohr effect. The light collected by Hb is used to create an EZ in blood plasma. Similar function to chlorophyl in plants. Affected by non native EMFs and a lack of UV sunlight that creates NO. A photoreceptor that is destroyed by melanopsin disfunction.

Heme proteins

Photoreceptor proteins containing iron in RBC and mitochondrial cytochromes. Destroyed by excessive blue light (melaopsin/retinol). Iron porphyrins absorb 250-600nm.

HF

High Frequencies (3 Megahertz to 30 Megahertz [30,000,000 Hz])

Hydrogen

First element on the periodic table it has one proton and one electron. When missing its electron it is a positively charged proton H+. Can be a solid, liquid, gas or a metal plasma. Controlled by red light from the sun via molecular resonance. Participates in all biological processes. Hydrogen has 3 isotopes – hydrogen with one proton and one electron; deuterium with one proton, one electron and one neutron; tritium with one electron, one proton and ###. Biology uses hydrogen and deuterium. Each isotope of hydrogen has a different quantum spin number and magnetic moment. This changes how light, electric and magnetic fields interact with hydrogen in biologic molecules.

J

K

Ketosis

Ketosis is the natural result of fasting either overnight during sleep or during prolonged fasting like hibernation or winter starvation where the animal is forced to live off its own fat stores via beta oxidation in mitochondria. Ketosis requires solar red light and grounding to the earths magnetic field which also varies in the seasons. Beta oxidation produces the highest number of protons and electrons and DDW of the 3 metabolic pathways (glycolysis and PPP). Ketosis recycles protons to keep DNA/RNA expression quiet during winter/hibernation/low sunlight cycles. Ketosis is a seasonal situation and should not be maintained year round. Consumption of exogenous ketones does not produce the proper biological effects because they are lacking the EMR programming of UVA and IR sunlight and the earths magnetic field. Fat burning is turned off by eating carbohydrates, exposure to non native EMFs including artificial light. Ketosis recycles protons. Ketosis helps create glutathione when REDOX is good. Ketosis can reverse circadian mismatch by decreasing mitochondrial volume because it delivers lots of fat electrons to cytochrome II which makes it more energy efficient

Krebs bicycle

Where mitochondrial TCA and Urea cycles intersect on the cytosol/mitochondrial matrix junction. Where fat and protein metabolism occur in mitochondria. Requires oxygen. In the absence of oxygen glycolysis (glucose metabolism) occurs. Sunlight on the skin and eyes increases venous oxygen and this is why food should be consumed during sunlight hours. Melanopsin/Vitamin A disfunction destroys mitochondrial cytochromes to ruin Krebs bicycle

L

LED

Light Emitting Diode. A semiconductor light source. Robert O. Becker was nominated for a Nobel Prize for his discovery that bones are natural LEDs.

Leptin

Photoreceptor hormone in SQ fat and SCN. Couples optical data from skin to brain to control all growth and metabolism in the body via circadian release of hormones made by AM sunlight on the eye and skin. Leptin receptor “counts” the protons and electrons in the body. Leptin needs melatonin and DHA in the eye and liver (Bazan effect). Requires 4 hours of darkness to be released at midnight. Leptin resistance is caused by artificial light and late night eating due to free retinal from melanopsin disfunction destroying the leptin photoreceptor in the hypothalamus of the SCN. Leptin resistance depletes DHA from cell membranes first in the eye and liver and then globally. Leptin resistance induces changes in ROS and catalase to inhibit JAK2/STAT3. Obesity, anorexia, metabolic syndrome, diabetes are examples of disease from leptin resistance

LF

Low Frequencies (30 Kilohertz to 300 Kilohertz [300,000 Hz])

M

Magnetite

A mineral that is naturally magnetic. Our eyes and brains contain magnetite and many animals use magnetite for navigation orientation. Magnetitite is a ferromagnetic crystal found in cryptochrome in the eye to tune to earths magnetic field.

Melanin

Bioenergetic pigmented photosynthetic fluorophore protein made from tyrosine that transforms light energy to chemical energy by splitting the liquid water molecule to make molecular hydrogen gas and oxygen gas for use by mitochondria and the nucleus. Melanin uses the photoelectric effect to make cellular energy. Melanin is located in your skin, eyes (RPE) , hair and on the cell nucleus and is where the nucleus gets energy. The nucleus has no ATP or mitochondria. Human brains have more melanin than any other mammal. Melanin is mammal chlorophyll only far more efficient. ATP depends on the energy from melanin because melanin absorbs all of the electromagnetic spectrum from radio waves to gamma rays and chlorophyl only absorb visible light blue and red. Melanin transforms liquid water into oxygen (independent of breathing) and molecular hydrogen that is a pure energy source and antioxidant in a reversible reaction (unlike chlorophyl) so it can transform that gas back into liquid water and for every two molecules of water that is reformed 4 high energy electrons are generated for watery battery creation and optical signalling. Hydrogen gas can travel through all parts of the cell by diffusion to deliver H2 to the organelles in symmetric form in all directions. Melanin is down regulated when sunlight is absent leading to paler skin and eyes. Without melanin UVC light can not be made in the blood plasma to separate protium and deuterium and keep D in the blood plasma.

Melanopsin

A blue light 435-480nm detecting non visual photopigment protein found in the retina, skin, subcutaneous fat (SQ) fat and arterioles of humans that regulates non visual functions of light such as the synchronisation of the sleep-wake cycle, relays photoelectric and magnetic signals to the pineal gland and allows the puplillary reflex to work in dim light. Sleep cycles regulate D clearance from the CSF and blood plasma. Melanopsin works directly with the SCN in the brain to create the circadian rhythms based on the blue light intensity of daily and seasonal sunlight. Melanopsin works using calcium resonance. Melanopsin and retinol forms complexes with DHA in cell membranes to control the circadian mechanism in every cell by linking to the clock genes. Melanopsin detects the first light of day and is sensitive to 5 photons and turns on cortisol and turns off melatonin. Melanopsin mediates light dependent relaxation of blood vessels to allow blood to be irradiated by sunlight. Melanopsin is bound to Vitamin A (retinal) by a loose covalent bond and when blue light dissociates the bond retinal is freed. Melanopsin disfunction lowers melatonin and dopamine. Melanopsin disfunction destroys photoreceptors including the mitochondrial cytochromes.

Melatonin

Melatonin is a biogenic amine hormone that is created by a combination of IRA and UVA 200-400nm sunlight on aromatic amino acids to have local and systemic effects on circadian rhythms and is also antioxidant and free radical scavenger. Melatonin regulates sleep. Melatonin is made first in the eye, then the skin, using AM sunlight and sunset sunlight and it then signals the pineal gland to release melatonin at night after 4 hours of darkness. Darkness is needed to convert serotonin to melatonin in the gut and then it travels to the pineal gland via blood plasma to work on sleep mechanisms. Melatonin increases cell regeneration and stimulates the immune system. Thyroid hormones depend on adequate levels of melatonin. Melatonin lowers oestrogen production in tissue and is antagonistic to cortisol. Melatonin sulphates lipids and proteins in tissues in response to ELF-UV emission from cells during sleep. Blue light, natural or unnatural, turns off melatonin. Mitochondrial function depends on appropriate melatonin release at night time. Melatonin controls autophagy, apoptosis and mitophagy. Mitochondria also produce melatonin for use as an antioxidant. Melatonin and dopamine work together to regenerate photoreceptors in the eye. Melatonin synthesis depends on adequate vitamin D levels. Many organs synthesise melatonin for local use especially the eye and skin. Seratonin inhibits melatonin.

Methylation

The addition or subtraction of methyl groups to DNA to affect gene expression in normal growth, circadean clock genes, metabolism and also cancer and other diseases. Methylation is how epigenetics works to turn genes on or off depending on the environmental EMF signals detected. Vitamin B12 provides light information to methyl groups. Methyl groups are carbon bonded to 3 hydrogens. This hydrogen must be H+ not D+ for healthy gene expression and rely on proton recycling in mitochondrial metabolic pathways, especially in the liver, to send the correct version of hydrogen.

MF

Medium Frequencies (300 Kilohertz to 3 Megahertz [3,000,000 Hz])

mG

milliGauss

Microbiome

Commensal bacteria in the eye, skin, gut, urogenital tract and lung. In the gut bacteria require anaerobic environment to keep a diverse range of species. The diversity of microbiome is controlled by the light environment sensed by the skin and the eye. Circadian disruption of skin and eye releases vitamin A from melanopsin in skin cells, subcutaneous fat cells and arterioles that inhibits vitamin D production in the skin and the Vitamin D receptors (VDR) in the gut cells that affects ETC in enterocytes to turn off apoptosis required to replace gut cells every 24-48hrs. This leaves poorly functioning gut cells to interact with the microbiome. Blue light toxicity alters peripheral clock genes of gut cells.

Microwaves

Electromagnetic energy that travels at the speed of light. The wave energy converts the polarity of atoms and molecules from positive to negative. This ruins how protons and electrons move in biomolecules. Every second in water microwaves change the polarity of water molecules trillions of times. The vibration of the water molecules is what heats your food in a microwave oven. This also causes dehydration in cells, lowers the EZ and interferes with the 100Hz oscillation mitochondria need to conduct beta oxidation.

MIR or IR-B

Mid Infrared Light, ~ 1,400nm to 3,000nm range (100 to 215 Terahertz)

Mitochondria

An organelle in all human cells, except red blood cells, that uses photons, electrons and protons from food metabolism and sunlight to produce IR light (heat), ATP, DDW and CO2. The number of mitochondria in a single cell depends on the metabolic functions of the cell. Fat cells have the least number and brain and heart cells have the most. Mitochondria turn electric signals into light signals and light signals back to electric signals to be transmitted over water proton cables around proteins inside the cell. Mitochondria generate a 30 million volt charge along the inner mitochondrial membrane. Mitochondria have their own DNA (mtDNA) that is subject to high rates of mutation (heteroplasmy) from ROS signalling that can lead to disease. Mitochondria are controlled by melatonin, NO and circadian rhythms. Mitochondria release signalling molecules called Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in response to varying input of electrons that initiate autophagy, apoptosis, DNA expression, hormones, inflammation and immune responses. Mitochondria make and use DDW hydration for proper function and release IR light to create an EZ in the mitochondrial water. The protons and electrons in the DDW made by mitochondria are programmed by temperature and pH and this information is conveyed over hydrogen bonding networks. Mitochondria change the nuclear spin of H+ when it is excluded across the inner mitochondrial membrane. This programs H+ differently to H+ outside the mitochondria. Cells release ELF-UV that extends the EZ. Anything that dehydrates mitochondria reduces mitochondrial function. Mitochondria swell when they are not functioning appropriately and the distance between the cytochromes increases to slow down ETC and the production of DDW and ATP.

Mitochondrial Biogenesis

The creation of new mitochondria regulated by PGC-1alpha/PPAR-y stimulated by exercise

Mitochondrial haplogroup/type

Mitochondrial have their own DNA and in humans different mitochondrial DNA sequences have evolved at different locations around the world to adapt to varying sunlight, oxygen and temperatures via the uncoupling proteins. Tightly coupled haplotypes (L) evolved first at the equator and use the strong UV sunlight to build higher oxygen tensions,a large EZ around their mitochondria for fast energy generation and lower energy higher carbohydrate diet. Coupled haplotypes have a lower basal metabolic rate. Uncoupled coupled haplotypes evolved away from the equator to rely more on food electrons from fats and proteins and make more heat to cope with the varying frequencies of sunlight and temperature in seasonal and colder climates. Mitochondria are inherited along the maternal line.

Mitochondrial Heteroplasmy

The ratio of healthy mitochondria to mutant or damaged mitochondria in a cell. As the heteroplasmy rate increases, more mutants that have accumulated in a cell compared to healthy mitochondria. Lack of melatonin and too much deuterium causes heteroplamsy to rise. Mothers can pass mutated mitochondria on to offspring.

Mitochondrial Mutants

The means by which the mitochondria DNA genome has become damaged or has malfunctioned.

Mitonuclear coaptation

How the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) communicates with the nuclear DNA to control gene expression via free radicals. Controlled by ELF-UV made in mitochondrial matrix by deuterium released by UCP2

Mitophagy

Removal of defective mitochondria by autophagy. Controlled by melatonin and enhanced by dry fasting.

Mitosis

The process of cell division

mm Waves

Commonly referred to as a subsection of Microwave Radiation in which the wavelength is millimeter in length, starting around 30 Gigahertz and going up toward the Far Infrared part of the EM Spectrum.

Modulation

The process of varying one or more properties of a typical periodic waveform, a carrier signal with a modulating signal that containing the information to be transmitted.

mTOR

The mammalian target of rapamycin is serine/threonine kinase that regulates cell growth, cell proliferation, cell motility, cell survival, protein synthesis, autophagy and transcription of DNA. mTOR is activated by lack of beta oxidation, low EZ and ammonia. causes pseudo hypoxia because it slows ETC and NAD+ decreases and heteroplasmy increases.

Myelin

A specific type of material found in and around nerve and Schwann cells to help insulate and conduct energy.

R

RBC

Red blood cells are heme containing photoreceptors that absorb and emit light and oxygen. Violet sunlight stimulates RBC synthesis in humans. RBC have no mitochondria and only use glycolysis. Heme in RBC can be destroyed by excessive blue light via melanopsin/retinal disfunction. RBC need DHA in cell membranes and Vitamin C to conduct sunlight to mitochondria. Iron porphyrins in RBC absorb 250-600nm and the water surrounding them absorbs all the way to 3100nm to create the EZ in blood plasma.

Redox Potential /REDOX

Reduction/Oxidation Potential is a measure of the tendency of a chemical species to acquire or lose electrons through ionization. Reduction is the addition of electrons making substance more hydrophillic. Oxidation is the removal of electrons making the substance more hydrophobic. REDOX is a measure of the net negative charge in the cell. In the mitochondrial a “higher REDOX” is beneficial where there are more electrons than protons and a higher kinetic energy is stored in proteins and EZ water to run cellar regeneration programs. REDOX is a function of the speed of electrons through the ETC and the distance between the respiratory proteins controlled by UCP. A low REDOX occurs when H+ predominates and there are fewer electrons. REDOX is built by IR/UV sunlight. At high latitudes away in winter REDOX can be augmented in the absence of UV sunlight by cold exposure combined with a ketogenic diet, fasting and but still requires exposure to daily sunlight that has 42% IR year round.

Resveratrol

A polyphenol produced in plants using 312nm light that can donate electrons in antioxidant reactions.

RF or Radio-Frequency

Commonly referred to as a portion of the EM Spectrum in the 3 Kilohertz (KHz) range to the 300 Gigahertz (GHz) range, but even this is subject to interpretation. Many people won’t include “RF” with microwave bands, but Industry commonly references this way for added confusion. Radio Frequencies are also generally referenced as the gambit of “Higher Frequencies”, and in context, either omitting the microwave bands on purpose (generally 300 Mhz and lower) or also including everything up to 300 Gigahertz.

RNA

Ribonucleic acid, made by DNA, directs the synthesis of proteins. RNA is a crystal that stores UV light.

ROS/RNS

Reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species are groups of signalling molecules made by mitochondria in response to intracellular calcium (Ca2+) , NO, spin state of electrons and protons along the ETC and oxygen tensions. Biochemical pathways are subsequence organised based on the light information contained in the electrons. Voltage gated calcium channels (VGCC) on cell membranes detect solar EMFs to release a specific amount of calcium to mitochondria to create NO and then ROS/RNS. When the EMF signal is nnEMF the VGCC releases more calcium into the cell and this creates a hydroxyl free radical that is destructive to the photoreceptors of the cytochochromes and this destroys apoptosis/autophagymitophagy.

T

TCA

The citric acid cycle operates with the urea cycle to recycle hydrogens in body water. If water in these cycles is D2O beta oxidation and protein metabolism are turned off and glycolsis and the PPP predominate. glucose metabolism is turned on via AMPk.

T cell

Immune cell made in the thymus and activated by blue light and turned off by red. Blue light in sunlight always has 42 % red present. Artificial light has a lot of blue and no red and causes uncontrolled T cell activation (autoimmunity). T cells require adequate levels of vitamin D. T cells stored mostly in skin where sunlight programs

THF

Tremendously High Frequencies (300 Gigahertz to 3 Terahertz [3,000,000,000,000 Hz])

Thyroid hormones

Made from the aromatic amino acid tyrosine after programming by UV sunlight. Depends on adequate levels of melatonin. Lack of AM sun on eyes and skin and ALAN turns of melatonin and ruins thyroid hormones.

Topology

A branch of mathematics that studies the fundamental shapes of things as they change. Topology in nature uses water and its interaction with sunlight to change the shape of water molecules and the properties of the water to create a quantum battery. Topology uses other substances for superconductivity, spintronics, the quantum Hall effect and the inverse magnetic Hall spin effect. Topology of the skin uses cellular topologic insulators to create a DC electric current from sunlight. DDW and different frequencies of light change topology of hydrated proteins and DNA.

Transducer

A device that converts one form of energy into another.

Transition metals

Iron, copper, zinc, molybdenum have D shell electrons that draw electromagnetic radiation to proteins like collagen, Hb, mitochondrial cytochomes, Vitamin B12. Especially sensitive to microwave and radio frequency that induce electric fields on surfaces like skin.

U

Ubiquitin

Is a regulatory protein that marks other proteins for replacement by turning on the nuclear genome. Ubuitin is turned on by mitochondrial swelling and heteroplasmy. Proteins are replaced in normal physiology when circadian rhythms are intact. Proteins that lack proper solar programming do not function appropriately and are marked for replacement in diseases. Protein replacement uses a lot of cellular energy and increases release of ammonia that decreases oxygen tensions. Ubiquitin is upregulated by aberrant electromagnetic signals.

UCP

Uncoupling proteins are mitochondrial matrix proteins that act as fuel selecting carburettors for proton currents in the ATPase based on oxygen levels and the incident EMF UV and IR sunlight signals detected and signalled by calcium. UCP’s determine the signalling molecules made (SO or H2O2). Different tissues have different types and combinations of these proteins depending on the metabolic needs of the tissue and the mitochondrial DNA haplotype of the individual.

UCP1

Uncoupling protein 1 is a photoreceptor topologic protein next to the ATPase in the mitochondrial matrix that produces IR light (heat) in mitochondria to create an EZ in mitochondrial water and the chiral heat effect on deuterium. It uncouples electron flow from proton motions in the ETC to produce more heat to adapt to colder climate and lower levels of oxygen.

UCP2

Uncoupling protein 2 is a photoreceptor topologic protein next to the ATPase in the mitochondrial matrix that controls the flow of oxygen, deuterium and H+ to control the metabolic rates (TCA, Urea, glycolysis, PPP, beta oxidation) of the cell. It normally allows deuteron leakage into the matrix at Krebs bicycle to stimulate cell growth via mitosis. It is the fatty acid carburettor of the mitochondria and allows mitochondria to adapt to varying levels of electrons, protons, oxygen, temperature. Metabolism is signalled via a reduction of ROS and an increase in ELF-UV light release that is created by deuterium and electric and magnetic fields in the mitochondrial matrix. Must be coupled to melanopsin, melatonin, circadian rhythms (SCN), metabolism and can be destroyed by blue light (melanopsin/retinol) and allows too much D into mitochondria at Krebs bicycle. Loss of control of UCP2 is linked to cancer. UCP2 does not liberate heat.

UCP3

Uncoupling protein 3 similar to UCP 1 it liberates a lot of heat.

UHF

Ultra High Frequencies (300 Megahertz to 3 Gigahertz [3,000,000,000 Hz])

UVA

Ultra VioletA, 320nm to 400nm

UVB

Ultra VioletB, 250 to 290nm to 320nm (debated in the science)

ULFs

Ultra Low Frequencies (300 Hz to 3 Kilohertz [3,000 Hz])

uT

microTesla

UVA

Ultra violet A 315-400nm appears before UVB in early morning sunlight and varies throughout the day and stimulates NO.

UVB

Ultra violet B 280-315nm varies throughout the day and depends on latitude and altitude. UVB is absorbed by cholesterol in the skin to make vitamin D. UVB also stimulates NO release from arterioles.

UVC

UltraVioletC, 100nm to 250 to 290nm (debated in the science)

UV sunlight

Ultra violet sunlight that reaches the earth is 280nm – 400nm light that is not visible to the human eye but humans do have non visible photoreceptors that absorb this light for cellular signalling via NO and to create Vitamin D and hormones and neurotransmitters. UV sunlight is critical for mitochondrial physiology. UV sunlight has a high kinetic energy and when it shines on water it increases the charge of the water. UV sunlight increases venous oxygen by demagnetising blood to allow it to release oxygen to mitochondria

W

Wavelength

The measured distance between the crest of one wave to the next. Something like a “mm Wave” refers to the measured distance in millimeters of one wave’s crest to the next. Typical mobile phone wavelengths are in the centimeter distance range.

X

Y

Z

5G

5th Generation, refers to the latest generation of mobile phones in comparison to 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G, 4G LTE and the past generations of mobile phone technology.

B

Bazan cylcle

Recycling of DHA in eye and liver. Short loop in the eye recycles DHA for the eye. Long loop in the liver recycles DHA for every other cell in the body. Melanopsin/retinal disfunction ruins the long loop in the liver. When liver cells lack DHA the CNS/PNS is then depleted of DHA causing memory and circadian rhythm disfunction between the eye, skin and brain. DHA is then lowered globally. When this occurs on the outer mitochondrial membrane deuterium is released from the membrane and into the mitochondrial matrix where fat burning and protein metabolism are turned off and glucose metabolism is upregulated.

BBB

Blood Brain Barrier.

BDNF

Brain derived neurotrophic factor is made by AM sunlight via dopamine D5 receptor

Beta Oxidation

A multiple step process in the mitochondria where fatty acids are broken down to produce Acetyl-CoA for use in the Citric Acid Cycle (TCA) and electrons and protons for the ETC and CO2 that stimulates breathing. Produces the highest number of electrons and protons and stimulates electron flow to produce the most amount of ATP and DDW for cellular use compared to protein and carbohydrate metabolism. Controlled by circadian rhythms and mitochondrial oscillation at 100Hz that should occur at night time during ketosis and proper sleep. Non native EMFs interfere with 100Hz oscillation to turn off beta oxidation. This is broken in cancer and metabolic syndrome where cells can only use glycolysis and the PPP (Warburg shift).

Biophoton

Photons of light released in life and biological systems. These photons are in the infra red (IR) and ultraviolet to visible light spectrum (ELF-UV) 200-1300 nm and are used for cellular signalling and to build EZ water around proteins. Poorly functioning cells release more ELF-UV light than healthy cells.

Blood plasma

A magnetohydrodynamic plasma that contains red blood cells (RBC), immune cells, anions and water. Haemoglobin and porphyrins in RBC absorb UV light. Blood plasma is 93% water that absorbs red light to form a quantum battery of exclusion zone water (EZ). UV sunlight extends the EZ to deliver electrons, photons and protons to cells around the body. Laminar flow in blood separates D from H+ Phosphorus and sulphur are quantum dots in blood plasma that allow cells to recharge quickly from electric and magnetic fields in sunlight. Sunlight augments anions in the blood plasma to make energy from light. This also augments how we make UVC light from deuterium in blood plasma. Blood plasma contains 150ppm of deuterium.

C

Calcium Efflux/Influx

The flow of positively charged calcium in or out of cells or cell membranes via voltage gated channels in response to EMF signals. Controls neurotransmitter/catecholamine release and glutamate excitotoxicity.

Catecholamines

Dopamine, noradrenaline and adrenalin are all inactivated by UV light in blood plasma via the eye and skin.

CD

Coherent domains are the layer of protons in EZ water whose quantum spin is changed by incident light, magnetic flux or nnEMF. CD’ s can not form using deuterium. Microwave radiation causes two different topologic effects and both change the shape of waters CDs in their hydrogen bonding networks. In the blood this affects deuterium and hydrogen fractionation.

Chromophore

Coloured molecules made from aromatic amino acids that absorb light photons via electrons and undergo conformational change to conduct signals. Electrons that absorb photons are excited from the ground state to a higher energy state and can fall back to the ground state by emitting a photon. Melanin, heme proteins, retinal, beta carotene, bilirubin, urobilin.

Chronobiology

A new field in biology focused on circadian rhythms and internal clock regulation.

Circadian clocks

There are central and peripheral clocks that run on a 24 hour cycle. Central clocks are regulated by the master clock the suprachiasmic nucleus (SCN) in the brain and depends on the AM sunlight signals on the eye and skin and then an absence of light at night to produce melatonin for proper sleep and cellular regeneration programs run by mitochondrial autophagy and apoptosis. Peripheral clocks are regulated by the SCN and the timing of the food consumed. Eating after sunset and ALAN turns off circadian clock control and melatonin and ruins mitochondrial function. Every cell in the body has a circadian clock gene regulators that respond to electron loss in mitochondria. Clock genes require hydration by DDW that absorbs specific frequencies of sunlight to coordinate gene expression in sync with sunlight and darkness. When mitochondria lack electrons they cant tell proper circadian time and this changes epigenetic expression. Mitochondria swell in summer and are smaller in winter and this is a circadian signal provided by the photons on electrons from food. DHA is also essential for circadian control as it forms complexes with retinol and melanopsin in our cell membranes to control the circadian mechanism in every cell. Circadian clock genes can be methylated to change expression.

Circadian rhythms

Humans physiology has daily, monthly, seasonal circadian rhythms that are influenced by the food consumption, varying frequencies of sunlight, temperature, earths magnetic field and the rotation of the earth, sun and moon that vary by latitude and altitude. Set each day by AM sunlight absorbed by the central retinal pathways to the SCN. Cellular metabolism, growth and fertility need to be yoked to circadian day/night signals. Needs functional photoreceptors. Ruined by a lack of solar exposure and exposure to ALAN that causes melanopsin/Vitamin A disfunction.

Cold thermogenesis (CT)

Cold exposure on the skin improves electron flow and lowers the mass of water to increase energy efficiency and proton recycling by converting white adipose tissue (WAT) to brown adipose tissue (BAT). BAT is brown because it has more mitochondria than WAT. CT increases dopamine and hormones and is a seasonal signal to mitochondrial function especially for uncoupled mitochondrial haplotypes.

Cytochrome/complexes aka respiratory proteins aka electron transport chain (ETC)

4 heme containing red light chromophore proteins in the mitochondria that use quantum tunnelling of electrons and protons to reduce oxygen to make DDW and create an electrical proton gradient for ATP synthesis at complex V. Mitochondria can produce ATP in the absence of food electrons using red light because cytochromes III, IV and V are red light chromophores. The distance between these proteins is controlled by cytochrome I ROS signals and uncoupling proteins (UCP) and varies according to incident EMF signals (day/night, summer/winter) that alter calcium levels. As the distance between them increases the REDOX decreases, signalling ROS change and oxygen tensions vary. NAD+/NADH are fluorophore proteins.

Cytochorme I

Cytochrome I deals with electrons from hydrogen that carry high energy blue photons typically from carbohydrates that grow in equatorial/summer light. It removes electrons from NADH and separates the resulting protons across the inner mitochondrial membrane to create a positively charged proton gradient (pH) in mitochondrial matrix. Electrons can leak from here to oxygen to produce superoxide (SO) signalling molecule depending on the REDOX and calcium effect determined by the incident EMF detected. Cytochrome I produces the most ROS and this can damage mitochondrial DNA that is next to it. Melanin acts an antioxidant to Cytochrome I ROS.

Cytochrome II

Cytochrome II removes electrons from hydrogen that carry lower energy photons from fats and proteins and sends them to Cytochrome III. It does not pump protons to the matrix. Cytochome II produces the signalling molecule hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) based on the incident EMF detected. Catalase is the antioxidant for H2O2.

Cytochrome III

Cytochrome III is a red light chromophore that receives electrons and uses Coenzyme Q10 in the Q cycle to produce protons and separate them across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Electrons can leak from here to oxygen to produce superoxide. The Q cycle produces IR light for signalling to the nucleus.

Cytochrome IV

Cytochrome IV aka cytochrome c oxidase is a red light chromophore that adds electrons and protons to molecular oxygen to make DDW for mitochondrial and intracellular use. Pseudohypoxia occurs when oxygen tensions are low and this slows electron flow. Cytochrome IV controls autophagy, mitophagy and apoptosis via cellular and mitochondrial swelling. UVA and IRA control cytochrome c. Cytochrome c has a Vitamin D receptor (VDR).

Cytochrome V

Complex V aka the ATPase is a red light chromophore that is the nano rotary engine that makes ATP using protons from mitochondrial matrix. It has electric and magnetic fields. When the rotary engine slows it makes less ATP and IR light and electric and magnetic fields in mitochondria are altered. UVA and IRA make the ATPase spin faster.

D

D2O

Deuterium bonded to two oxygen atoms to form a deuterium water molecule. D2O is heavier than H2O and the bond strength is higher meaning it is slower and more difficult to split D from O in biological reactions including DNA expression. D2O is more dense and viscous and this changes the frequencies of light it absorbs and lowers its ability to form an EZ in body water such as CSF, blood plasma, intracellular water. D2O has a lower dielectric constant than H2O and DDW and this lowers its ability to conduct electrons and protons. In natural water there is one D20 to every 3300 H2O molecules. Warm water concentrates deuterium and freezing depletes deuterium. UV and IR sunlight on water favours H+ bonds over D+ bonds creating more H20.

DC electric current

Direct current is the unidirectional flow of electrons through semiconductors in the body. Present during wakefulness and absent during sleep and anaesthesia. Generated by sunlight photosynthetic interaction with DDW water and topologic insulators in plant and animal cell membranes. Hb comes to the skin to collect sunlight 250-600nm using the electrons in the iron porphyrin ring and DHA in the cell membrane. This activates water in the blood plasma to exclude protons and create the EZ. Human cells require electron rich DHA in the cell membranes to create a specific DC electric current. The DC electric current especially necessary for wound healing and bone growth. During sleep the DC electric current is converted to a photonic signal by charge and temperature change

DDW

Deuterium depleted water. Water naturally contains varying percentages of a heavy form of hydrogen called deuterium which is described in parts per million (ppm). DDW is produced by the mitochondrial ETC for intracellular use. The mitochondrial ATPase most efficiently uses light hydrogen protons not deuterons. Intracellular DDW increases the net negative charge stored in the DHA lipid rafts of cell membranes to facilitate assimilation of IR/UV sunlight. Fat burning (beta oxidation) produces the most DDW for intracellular use. DDW can also be industrially made and consumed or used intravenously. DDW increases the endogenous antioxidant glutathione. DDW increases total body water turnover to favour H+ in the mitochondrial matrix and removes D+ bound to anions. DDW absorbs red light 600-3100nm. DDW has a larger heat capacity than D2O.

DE

Dirty Electricity. The generation of additional harmonics and noise, often lower frequencies producing additional higher frequencies from power grid sources. Dirty Electricity is typically measured in GS Units or Volts per second.

Delta psi

The voltage on the inner mitochondrial membrane

Deuterium

An stable isotope of Hydrogen found naturally in food and water that has one extra neutron

DHA

Docohosahexanoic acid is an electron rich omega III fatty acid most abundant in marine animals and grass fed animals. For humans to assimilate DHA it must be in the SN2 molecular configuration and this is most abundant in animals not algae. Algal DHA is also high in aldehydes which are dangerous for mammalian cell membranes. Fish convert algal DHA to a useable form for mammals. DHA has pi electron clouds that is a topologic semiconductor and essential component of human cell membranes where it converts photons and electrons into a DC electric current for cellular use. DHA forms complexes with melanopsin and retinol in cell membranes to control circadian rhythms in cells by linking to the peripheral clock gene. DHA is drawn to magnetic fields (paramagnetic). Artificial light destroys DHA in cell membranes and the outer mitochondrial membrane. Dopamine makes DHA more planar in cell membranes to improve its semiconductor capacity. DHA in cell lipid rafts increases the assimilation of UV and IR light for cellular use. When DHA is absent the net negative charge of the cell decreases. DHA also regulates inflammation. DHA in blood vessels adds electrons to cholesterol to make it more hydrophillic. DHA is recycled in the eye and the liver by the Bazan cycle but requires leptin sensitivity. Prolonged stress of any kind depletes DHA and ruins recycling loops.

Dielectric constant

Bulk water has a dielectric constant of 78 and DDW that surrounds all proteins has a dielectric constant of 160 when sunlight hits it. Water around proteins that contains D can not increase its dielectric constant and this reduces the electrical, magnetic and photonic information. Fluoride, bromide, non native EMFs also decrease the dielectric constant of water in the body.

Dipole

A separation of positive and negative charges.

Diurnal

Humans are diurnal and are meant to sleep in darkness and eat during sunlight. Eating and sleeping outside of these times causes circadian arrthymia. During the daylight electric fields from sunlight are more prominent in cells and during darkness the earths geomagnetic fields are used by cells. These variations are detected by cells to alter cellular functions to a 24 hour day/night cycle.

DNA

Deoxyribose nucleic acid contains the genetic information for an organism. Humans have two types of DNA; nuclear DNA contained in chromosomes in the nucleus of every cell and mitochondrial DNA in the mitochondria. Mitochondria control DNA expression via mito nuclear coaptation. DNA requires hydration by DDW for proper function. Nuclear DNA stores the UV light that was absorbed by the eye, skin and aerodigestive system. DNA and RNA are electromagnets that use proton tunnelling. Chromatin and histone proteins around DNA release ELF UV light for cellular photonic signalling. In disease states higher levels of ELF UV are released. Sunlight keeps DNA transcription low. Non native EMFs and blue light increase DNA expression.

Dopamine

A neurotransmitter often talked about due to blue-light physics. Dopamine is a critical part of our pleasure and reward center, and directly related to cravings and addiction. It impacts many neurological disorders including Parkinson’s Disease. Dopamine is made first in the eye when UV light (260-289nm) hits tyrosine in photoreceptors and then it is produced in the brain and the skin. Dopamine production is highest in summer/equatorial sunlight. Dopamine and melatonin control retinal regeneration of all photoreceptors. Glutamine turns off dopamine. Dopamine controls how we sense time. Dopamine cycling is controlled by circadian mechanisms of melanopsin/retinol

F

Faraday Cage

An enclosure built from a conductive mesh or metal that is used to block external electric fields and frequency sources.

Field of Radiation

The area around a source of magnetic or electric energy that exists a measurable force.

FIR or IR-C

Mid Infrared Light, ~ 3,000nm to 10,000nm range (3 to 100 Terahertz)

Fluorophore

Proteins, peptides or organic compounds made from aromatic amino acids that absorbs high energy short wave UV light and releases it at a lower energy and longer wavelength. NADH/NAD+ at cytochrome I absorbs best at 340nm. Melanin and eumelanin in the skin. Dopamine and melatonin in the brain. NAD+/NADH at cytochrome I, albumin in the blood.

Frequency

The rate at which an event repeats itself; the units for Frequency is Hz or Hertz and was named after Heinrich Hertz for the number of cycles per second. One thousand cycles per second is a Kilohertz; one million cycles per second is a Megahertz; one billion cycles per second is a Gigahertz; one trillion cycles per second is a Terahertz.

G

Genome

The genetic material within an organism packed in DNA. In humans, there are two genome sets: one set is bound inside of the nucleus known as the nuclear genome and the other, smaller set is mtDNA or the mitochondrial genome.

Glial Cell

An extremely abundant type of cell that surrounds neurons to give them support and insulation in the Central Nervous System or CNS.

Glioblastoma or Glioma

A deadly type of brain tumor often associated with mobile phone use.

Glutamate

A salt version of the amino acid Glutamic Acid. An excitatory neurotransmitter made endogenously and also consumed in food. Glutamate binds to the NMDA receptors that are close to VGCCs on cell membranes. When glutamate is released in neurons, glial cells and RBC release Vitamin C and this inhibits demethylation of DNA/RNA causing changes in epigenetic gene expression.

Grounding

The act of touching the earth with a part of the body that is not insulated such as with bare feet or hands to obtain free electrons. The sun is a cathode ray and its electromagnetic radiation hits the earth which is an anode and liberates electrons according the sun barcode of Fraunhofer lines. Human hands and feet have sweat glands to facilitate electron collection from the earth to augment electrons delivered to mitochondria. The earths magnetic field tunes magnetic molecules like the ATPase and Hb in the body via the spin state of protons and electrons in water networks with the natural magnetic field of the earth at around 7.83Hz. This tunes the human thalamus and neocortex alpha waves and affects the size and shape of proteins. The magnetic field varies around the globe and is stronger when the sun is not shining on the earth. Light demagnetises the earth and magnetic atoms in us. Biological processes that require higher magnetism are compromised by ALAN.

I

Inflammation

Too much H+ and D changes the density of intracellular and extracellular water like blood plasma and CSF. This changes how light can interact and the formation of the EZ. Inflammation changes the light, water and magnetism environment anywhere it is present. Inflammation is controlled by vitamin D levels.

Insulin

Circadian controlled solar hormone made by beta cells in the pancreas. Destroyed by artificial blue light.

Inverter

A type of machine capable of transforming AC into DC, or DC into AC.

Ion

An atom that has lost or gained one or two electrons, giving it an electrical charge and is chemically much more active than a neutral ion.

IoT

Internet of Things, or the planned, future systems of Industry to use wireless technology for interconnecting Smart Cities, automated driverless cars, AI or Artificial Intelligence, and so forth.

IR sunlight

IRA – 42% of the sunlight that reaches earth is IRA. Sunlight is unpolarised and has no flicker. IRA is constant from sunrise to sunset and penetrates 30cm into the human body. IRA is absorbed by the earth and radiates back 24 hours a day. IRA is absorbed by water to build the EZ because moves protium and concentrates deuterium in human tissue. Mitochondria also produce IRA light that builds the EZ in DDW for mitochondrial and intracellular use. IRB penetrates 10cm.

L

LED

Light Emitting Diode. A semiconductor light source. Robert O. Becker was nominated for a Nobel Prize for his discovery that bones are natural LEDs.

mG

milliGauss

N

Native EMF

The electromagnetic force is the force carrier of the universe that controls particles of atoms when they carry a positive or a negative charge. The frequencies of sunlight that reach the earth and the earths magnetic field. Life evolved using the native EMFs. Mitochondrial cytochromes evolved to use the native EMF.

nEMFs

Native Electromagnetic Fields (and/or Frequencies), These are the normal generation of fields and frequencies present in the universe and on earth due to the sun’s interaction with Earth’s magnetic shield to generate the Schumann Resonance, atmospheric filtering of sunlight frequencies and other natural occurrences of EMF such as lightning.

Neuropsin

Non visual photoreceptor in the eye and skin that detects UVA sunlight.

Neurotransmitters

dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin are made by AM sunlight on aromatic amino acids first in the eyes and then on the skin. Have a diverse range of functions that are determined by the electric charge in the water surrounding them and biophoton signals

NIR or IR-A

Near Infrared Light, ~ 700nm to 1,400nm range (215 to 430 Terahertz)

NMDA

N-methyl-D-aspartate, a type of receptor where commonly glutamate binds, where glutamate is the body’s primary neurotransmitter for signaling mechanisms. This receptor is typically located on cell membranes by other channels like VGCCs. Compounds like taurine can also bind to this receptor.

nnEMFs

Non native electromagnetic fields are man made electromagnetic frequencies that include artificial light and the artificial electromagnetic frequencies including the power grid, microwaves, radar, radio frequency communications. nnEMFs alter hydrogen bonds in water networks around proteins and nucleic acids that dehydrate cells and cause calcium efflux to produce free radicals at mitochondrial cytochrome I and II. nnEMFs interfere with the 100Hz oscillation of mitochondria preventing beta oxidation and upregulating glucose metabolism via AMPk pathways. nnEMFs cause leaky gut and leaky BBB.

NO

Nitric oxide is a vasodialator released in response to UVA sunlight on eyes and skin. It brings RBC to the skin arterioles to be irradiated by sunlight. NO is produced in cells in response to solar EMFs that stimulate VGCC on cell membranes to release calcium inside the cell to produce NO. NO inhibits ETC and maintains autophagy and apoptosis to prevent oncogenesis. NO is a critical signalling molecule in blood and mitochondria made by UVA sunlight. Non native EMFs detected by VGCC result in excessive release of calcium and the creation of the hydroxyl free radical instead of NO.

nT

nanoTesla

O

P

Paramagnetic

Drawn to magnetic fields. DHA, oxygen, RBC, platelets

Piezoelectric

The electric charge that accumulates in collagen and microtubules inside the cell, DNA, bone in response to mechanical stress.

pH

The measure of the number of positively charged hydrogen ions H+ and D+ in a solution such as blood, CSF, intracellular water. The more H+ and D+ present the higher the acidity (low pH). The lower the H+ and D+ concentration the more alkaline it becomes (high pH). Measured on a scale 0 to 14 where 7 is neutral. pH is the measurement of voltage in a solution. Inflammation is associated with a higher concentration of H+ and D+ (low pH) and low EZ water around DNA and proteins that makes them less hydrophilic and this affects protein folding and DNA expression. When ETC slows and DDW is decreased the concentration of H+ and D+ increases and the EZ decreases. Baking soda protects against acidification.

Phonons

Phonons are quantum particles that vibrate and at low frequencies they are sound and at higher frequencies they are heat. Phonons participate in biological processes

Photon

A photon is a quanta (single particle) of electromagnetic radiation and is the force carrier of the electromagnetic force and has no mass. Photons interact with matter via electrons to transmit information and provide the energy to move electrons. All parts of the spectrum of light that falls to the earth (250-780nm) interact with matter differently. Photons carry information to the body via spin characteristics. Light alters the charge on electrons and protons to change the arrangement and function of biomolecules. Electrons are excited to higher energy level by photons and release these in biological processes. Red light photons move light hydrogen atoms (protons not deuterons) by resonance.

Photoelectric Effect

Is the emission of electrons when light shines on a material. Happens on the skin and retina of humans when electrons are excited by photons. Requires electron rich DHA in cell membranes. The photoelectric effect splits electrons from water to liberate oxygen and electrons in melanin.

Photoreceptors

Molecules that absorb and release light. melanopsin, neuropsin, rhodopsin, melanin, dopamine, seratonin, leptin, catalase, Vitamin A, Vitamin B12, UCP, heme proteins including RBC & mitochondrial cytochromes I-V. The Retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) in the eye regenerates photoreceptors using dopamine and melatonin made in the eye by UV light on aromatic amino acids. UVA and IRA sunlight regenerate all photoreceptors. Cones regenerate at night time during darkness. Rods regenerate in daytime

Photosynthesis

A fully quantized 30 step process in chloroplasts of plants that use 400-780nm sunlight, CO2 and water to make sugar and release O2. Mitochondria reverse this process but use stronger light waves under 400nm. The first step of photosynthesis is the charge separation of water by red light to create an EZ that is extended by UV light. Plants have 3 forms of photosynthesis (CAM, C3 and C4) and each produce plants with varying amounts of D. CAM and C3 have the highest levels of D. C4 plants are grasses. All food is made by photosynthesis and the protons, electrons and photons contains light information for mitochondria. This is why eating seasonal local food is important for creating circadian rhythms.

Pigmented proteins

Dopamine, melatonin, serotonin, melanin, heosiderin, lipofuscin

POMC

Proopiomelanocortin is a neurotransmitter made by UV sunlight interacting with aromatic amino acids in skin that affects mood and behaviour via SCN and the production of hormones, ACTH, CLIP, Lipotropin, Beta-Endorphins, Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH). Lack of POMC results in depression and addiction.

PPP

Pentose Phosphate Pathway is a metabolic pathway in the cytosol with glycolysis that produces NADPH (hydrogen electrons) for lipid and nucleic acid synthesis, pentose and ribose sugars for the synthesis of nucleotides to make DNA/RNA. Nucleotides from the PPP inhibit UCP.

Proteins

Coded for by DNA. Undergo 4 stages of folding. The first two are controlled by the DNA code. The last two by the energy status of the cell – this is the REDOX and dielectric constant of the water surrounding proteins. When the water is D2O the dielectric constant drops and proteins can be mis-folded. Mis-folded proteins occur when the water surrounding proteins is not DDW. Mis-folded proteins are removed by autophagy. Proteins are made hydrophilic by the addition of electrons from EZ water and must be hydrated with DDW for proper function and act as a semi conducting antenna for EMF. Protein structure affects its UV absorbance and protein structure is influenced by pH, temperature, hydration, detergents. Protein side chains can also act as electromagnets for the voltage in cell water. Protein side chains can be polarised by unpolarised sunlight. Hydrated proteins can emit light or electricity. D2O ruins these functions in proteins.

Protium

Isotope of hydrogen that has one proton and one electron. Hydrogen with its electron is a non metal. It is also an acid, a proton and can act as a semiconductor. Hydrogen bonding is affected by temperature in aqueous solution and this changes the physical, chemical, electrical properties of hydrogen

Proton (H+)

Light hydrogen derived from food and water missing its sole electron making it positively charged H+ ion. The first 3 cytochromes of the ETC strips electrons from hydrogen to form H+ that is a liquid metal plasma that is an excellent electrical conductor and has a magnetic moment. D+ is also a metal plasma and has a different magnetic moment. Protons are more sensitive to electric and magnetic fields than hydrogen with its electron. Protons are programmed and moved by red light. In the mitochondrial matrix separated protons become magnetic. H+ is used in biochemical reactions, DNA expression, mitochondrial ETC. Proton spin is affected by electromagnetic fields.

Proton recycling

Occurs in the metabolic pathways glycolysis, the citric acid/urea cycle and oxidative phosphorylation using sunlight interaction with water to build the EZ.

Proton tunnelling

Quantum effect of 1535.5nm red light resonating on hydrogen protons. Every biologic enzyme uses proton tunnelling. Mitochondria use the chemiosmosis gradient on the MINOS to move protons to tunnel on all nucleic acids. Occurs in blood plasma.

Pseudohypoxia

Is lower oxygen level at cytochrome IV and increased ratio of cytosolic NAD compared to NADH caused by hyperglycaemia, non native EMFs and artificial light. This reduces the number of electrons available to mitochondria for electron transport and decreases energy production due to swelling of cytochromes.

PWM

Pulsed Width Modulation

Q

Quantum Biology

A new field of biology that is interwoven with the principles of quantum mechanics, theoretical chemistry and biophysics.

Quantum Mechanics

A science often referred to as Quantum Physics based in Quantum Theory, Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle and many observations like the Double Slit experiment, that exhibit “strange actions at a distance” such as particles being in multiple states at the same time.

S

Salt

Sodium chloride (NaCl) is an essential mineral that increases the electrical potential of water inside the human body especially the CSF.

Schumann resonance

The earths magnetic field of 7.83Hz that is created by the sun. The human thalamus tunes to this frequency to create the alpha waves of the brain. Mitochondria resonate at 100Hz which is a harmonic of the Schumann. Humans evolved to be barefoot on the earth and to sleep on the earth at night when the magnetic field is stronger

Schwannoma

A type of tumor that covers nerves.

Schwann Cells

A type of glial cell that wraps around nerve fibers.

SCN

Suprachiasmic nucleus in the hypothalamus of the brain. Master clock controller of growth and metabolism and circadian rhythms of every cell in the body using leptin, dopamine and melatonin that is made in the eye with AM UV sunlight. Responds to light, darkness and temperature to set the central clock and then the peripheral clocks.

Semiconduction

A material with an electrical conductivity between a conductor and insulator. The conduction of an electrical current by the movement of electrons or by “holes” or the absence of electrons through a crystal lattice. Semiconductors conduct less current compared to metal conductors, but have great application use such as in circuit boards and transistors.

Semiconductor

Biologic semiconductors are made from collagen, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur and selenium atoms and transition metals assimilate electric and magnetic energy from the sun and earth using water that surrounds them. The valence electrons from N, P, S, Se allow collagen to become electrically conductive N-type semiconductor. Hb has a nitrogen cage around an iron atom that is also an N-type semiconductor. Semiconductors act as non metals at lower temperatures at night time during sleep. This stops the DC electric current by trapping the electrons in the atoms and allows them to release ELF-UV light for cellular signalling.

SHF

Super High Frequencies (3 Gigahertz to 30 Gigahertz [30,000,000,000 Hz])

Skin

The skin is the largest organ of the body and is a neuroendrocrine solar panel that connects the solar signals detected on the skin to the master clock SCN. Hairs on skin are EMF antenna that connect to melanopsin/retinol in the dermis and arterioles. Skin contains the most melanopsin making it very sensitive to blue light toxicity. Derived from neuroectoderm in the embryo it connects the skin and brain cells. Skin cells and gut cells are epithethelial cells and skin cells control the gut cell clocks. Blue light damages skin cells to uncouple circadean rhythms. UV sunlight on keratinocyte stimulates the release of deuterium from those cells to the blood plasma.

SLFs

Super Low Frequencies (30 Hz to 300 Hz) Technically, this includes the 50 and 60 hertz power grids

SM

Static magnetic fields, no frequency

Sulfation

Catalysed by UV and IR sunlight on the skin that creates melatonin. Melatonin sulphates cholesterol, heparin, platelets, DHEA and Vitamin D3. Lack of AM sunlight and ALAN prevents sulfation and the proper function of all of these molecules.

V

Vagus Nerve

A nerve that is interwoven with sympathetic and parasympathetic control of the heart, lungs and digestive tract. It also carries out many other mechanisms such as taste, movement and swallowing in the brain.

VBL

Visible Blue Light, 450 to 495

VGCCs

Voltage gated calcium channels. Calcium channels located on cell membranes for regulating the flow of calcium in and out of a cell or organelle in response to EMF.

VGL

Visible Green Light, 495nm to 570nm

VHF

Very High Frequencies (30 Megahertz to 300 Megahertz [300,000,000 Hz])

VLFs

Very Low Frequencies (3,000 Hz to 30 Kilohertz [30,000 Hz])

Vitamin A

Includes retinol and its metabolites retinal and retinoic acid. A photoreceptor that is bound to all opsins. When it becomes unbound it spontaneously emits all the light it absorbs and this damages all photoreceptors it interacts with. Retinal normally bound to melanopsin by a loose covalent bond. Chronic blue light exposure on eyes and skin uncouples melanopsin and retinal when it is freed from melanopsin retinal destroys all photoreceptors in the body. Bone osteoclasts, osteoblasts depend on vitamin A. Retinoic acid regulates gene transcription especially in the immune system. Vitamin D and A control each others toxicity via circadian mechanisms. Vitamin A levels are important for epithelial cell integrity especially brush border of the gut and skin. Vitamin A is necessary for sperm cell production and female menstrual cycles.

Vitamin B, folate, B12

Photoreceptors made from UV light and damaged by free retinal from melanopsin/retinal disfunction. B vitamins are strongly fluorescent under UV light. They release light in the TCA. B12 is essential in 2 metabolic cycles in the nervous system – DNA expression and homocysteine/methionine/heavy metal clearance. B12 affects DNA expression by donating its methyl groups (3 x H+) for DNA methylation to turn off gene expression affecting epigenetics and foetal development. B12 absorbs visible light and re-emits it in methylation when it donates its methyl groups. This provides light information to DNA expression. B12 also essential for myelination (neural tube defects or MS).

Vitamin D

Is not a vitamin but rather a hormone made in the skin cells using sulphated cholesterol, DDW and UVB sunlight. Cholesterol is sulphated by AM UVA sunlight and melatonin so if sulphated cholesterol is not available Vitamin D3 can not be made. Vitamin D interacts with vitamin D receptors on cell membranes (VDR). Dietary vitamin D and synthetic vitamin D are not able to initiate the diverse and essential functions of vitamin D made in the skin by sunlight. Essential function in adaptive and innate immune system. Programs T and B cells for proper immune response. Influences the expression and synthesis of inflammatory cytokines and photoproducts that protect the skin microbiome and skin cells from developing cancer. Also protects gut cells and gut microbiome. Activates 3-6% of the human genome. Essential for bone health, placental health, lactation, regulates cell growth especially in breast, colon, skin, brain, ovary and prostate. The Vitamin D receptor (VDR) depends on the presence of DHA in cell membranes.

Vitamin E

A group of 8 fat soluble compounds that act as antioxidant to donate electrons to quench ROS/RNS. Alpha tocopherol is quinone with benzene rings that is a photon trap for UVA and IRA AM sunlight. Important antioxidant in eyes but requires activation by sunlight. Alpha-tocopheral is recycled by ascorbic acid.

Vitamin K

A group of fat soluble vitamins that the human body requires for complete synthesis of proteins necessary for blood coagulation and calcium binding in bones and other tissue. Vitamin K is a quinone consisting of benzene rings that are photon traps for light. Microbiome bacteria convert K1 to K2.

VLFs

Very Low Frequencies (3,000 Hz to 30 Kilohertz [30,000 Hz])

VOL

Visible Orange Light, 590nm to 620nm

VRL

Visible Red Light, 620nm to 650nm

VVL

Visible Violet Light, 380nm to 450nm

VYL

Visible Yellow Light, 570 to 590nm

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